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聚焦民营企业发展四大关键词:营商、减税、融资、创新

2019-03-16     牛牛财经   来源:证券时报
文章摘要:改革开放四十年来,民营企业不断发展壮大,作为最具活力的微观主体,为中国经济的腾飞做出了巨大贡献。去年以来,民营企业的发展遭遇了一些困难,风险的集中爆发给民营企业发展带来了不利影响。为巩固信心,廓清迷雾,中央很快采取了措施,成立纾困基金,举….

    改gaigekaifangsishinianlai,民minyingqiyebuduanfazhanzhuangda,作zuoweizuijuhuolideweiguanzhuti,为weizhongguojingjidetengfeizuochuliaojudagongxian。去qunianyilai,民minyingqiyedefazhanzaoyuliaoyixiekunnan,风fengxiandejizhongbaofageiminyingqiyefazhandailailiaobuliyingxiang。为weigongguxinxin,廓kuoqingmiwu,中zhongyanghenkuaicaiquliaocuoshi,成chengli“纾shukunjijin”,举jubanminyingqiyejiazuotanhuideng,打daxiaoliaominyingqiyejiafazhandeyilv,一yidingchengdushangpojieliaominqimianlindekunjing

    此ciciquanguolianghuishang,民minyingqiyedefazhanchengweidaibiaoweiyuanmenreyidewenti。减jianshuijiangfei、清qingchangqiankuan、竞jingzhengzhongxing……政zhengfugongzuobaogaotichudeyixiliegaigejucuo、释shifangdeyilianchuanzhengcehongli,为weiminyingqiyefazhandailaichundeqixi。“没meiyouxiangdaolidurucizhida,措cuoshirucijuti”是shihenduodaibiaoweiyuanmendeganshou

    打dazaogongpingjingzhengde

    营yingshanghuanjing

    2019年nianzhengfugongzuobaogaozhongsheji“营yingshanghuanjing”的debiaoshugongyou5处chu。其qizhongmingquezhichudangqiandeyingshanghuanjingyushichangzhutiqidaihuanyouchaju,并bingzai2019年nianzhengfugongzuorenwuzhongtichuyaojifashichangzhutihuoli,着zhuoliyouhuayingshanghuanjing,深shenhua“放fangguanfu”改gaige,推tuidongjiangdizhiduxingjiaoyichengben,下xiayinggongfudazaohaofazhanruanhuanjing。去quniandizhaokaidezhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyiqiangdiao,必bixujianchiyigonggeicejiegouxinggaigeweizhu线xianbudongyao,要yaozhuoliyouhuayingshanghuanjing,深shenrutuijin“放fangguanfu”改gaige

    实shijishang,中zhongguoyingshanghuanjingdegaishanyipojianchengxiao。世shijieyinxingbaogaoxianshi,去qunianzhongguoyingshanghuanjingguojipaimingdafutisheng,一yinianneiyuesheng32位wei,由you2017年niandedi78位weiyueshengzhidi46位wei,首shoucijishenshijieqian50名ming。中zhongguochengweiyingshanghuanjinggaishanzuixianzhudeshigejingjitizhiyi。世shijieyinxingchengzan,中zhongguoxiangguanlingyugaige“令lingrenjingtandekuaisuqieyouxiao”。

    从congdaibiaoweiyuanmendefankuilaikan,政zhengfugongzuobaogaozhongtichudeyixiejucuo,释shifangliaoduiminyingqiyedelihaoxinhao。随suizhuofazhanruanhuanjingdeyouhua,能nenggoujifagengduodezhiduhongliheshichanghuoli,推tuidongjingjigaozhiliangfazhan

    不bukefouren,我woguoyingshanghuanjingrengcunzai“短duanban”,在zaiquanguozhengxieweiyuan、大dadijituandongshichanglvpeirongkanlai,这zhezhuyaotixianzaiyixiedifangxingzhengshenpizhongfangqingjian,放fangquanbudaoweibutongbu;一yixiedifanghuiqizhengcezouyangbianxing,民minqibuzhiqingnanxiangshou;一yixiedifangjinronggongnengfahuibuzu,民minqirongzinan;一yixiedifangzhengshangguanxi“清qingerbuqin”,沟goutongjizhibushunchangbujianquan

    吕lvpeirongbiaoshi,要yaojiakuaigoujianyouxiudeyingshanghuanjinggaodi,特tebieshiyaobazhengfuguandeguoduoguosideshixiangjingjianxialai,把bayinggaiyoushichangjizhijuedingdeshiqingjiaochuqu,努nuliyongzhengfuquanlide“减jianfa”换huanqushichanghuolihechuangxinlide“加jiafa”,政zhengfubumenyaojianzhengfangquan。在zaiyouhuaxinxingyingshanghuanjingshang,还huanyaozhidingzhengshangjiaowangzhunze,构goujiahexie“亲qin、清qing”关guanxi

    对duiyuzhengfubumenlaishuo,如ruheshenhua“放fangguanfu”改gaige,简jianhuaxingzhengshenpiliuchengheshouxu,是shihuiyingminyingqiyehushengdeguanjian。对duici,国guojiashichangjianduguanlizongjujuchangzhangmaobiaoshi,今jinnian,市shichangjianguanzongjuyaobaquanbudexingzhengshenpi546项xiangtuixingdao12个gezimaoqu,进jinyibujianshaozhengfuduiyuweiguanjingjideganyu,更genghaodi使shiqiyezaishichangjinxinggongpingjingzheng。同tongshi,在zaishangshizhidugaigedangzhong,今jinnianyaoshixingguowuyuan16个gebumendelianhe“两liangsuijiyigongkai”检jiancha,这zhejiyoulicujinqiyezilv,同tongshiyedadajianqingqiyefudan,更genghaodiweiqiyechuangliyigegongpingjingzhengdelianghaohuanjing。全quanguozhengxieweiyuan、国guojiashichangjianguanzongjufujuchangmazhengqiyebiaoshi,要yaoyong“硬yingcuoshi”打dazaofazhan“软ruanhuanjing”,进jinyibujianhuashenpi,优youhuafuwu,推tuidongjiangdizhiduxingjiaoyichengben

    针zhenduicujinminyingjingjifazhan,全quanguozhengxiejingjiweiyuanhuifuzhuren、国guowuyuanfazhanyanjiuzhongxinyuanfuzhurenliushijintichuliaozijidekanfa。首shouxianyaoduizhichiminyingjingjifazhandedazhengfangzhenyouxinxin。其qici,不bujinyaoyouzhengcezhichi,更gengzhongyaodeshixingchengyigebuhuiyinduanqizhengcebianhuaerbianhuadechangqiwendingdefazhihuanjing。他tarenwei,民minyingqiyezaifazhanzhongyudaoyixiebiaomiankansipingdeng、实shijishangbingbupingdengdeqingkuang,有youyixieqianguizeyaotongguogaigelaigaijin。下xiayibuyaotongguogaigelaigaibianzhezhongjumian,要yaogeiminqizhenzhengpingdengfazhan、公gongpingjingzhengdehuodegan

    减jianshuijiangfu

    激jifashichangzhutihuoli

    实shishigengdaguimodejianshui,普puhuixingjianshuiyujiegouxingjianshuibingju,重zhongdianjiangdizhizaoyehexiaoweiqiyeshuishoufudan,深shenhuazengzhishuigaige,确quebaosuoyouxingyeshuifuzhijianbuzeng。确quebaojianshuijiangfeiluoshidaowei,全quannianjianqingqiyeshuishouheshebaojiaofeifudanjin2万wan亿yi,要yaoqieshirangshichangzhutitebieshixiaoweiqiyeyoumingxianjianshuijiangfeiganshou,坚jianjueduixianduiqiyeheshehuidechengnuo,困kunnanzaiduoyeyidingyaobazhejiandashibanchengbanhao

    政zhengfugongzuobaogaozhongguanyujianshuijiangfeideneirongzhimianminzhongguanqie,直zhijidangqianshichangzhutidetongdianhenandian,抓zhuazhuliaodangqianwenzengchang、保baojiuye、调diaojiegoudeyaohai,针zhenduigaishanyingshanghuanjingheweiqiyejianshuijiangfeidelihaozhengce,力liduzhidakeweiqiansuoweiyou

    “超chaochuliaodaduoshurendeyuqi。这zhexiecuoshihenhaotixianliao‘放fangshuiyangyu’的deyuanze,实shishihoubijiangtuidongqiyeqingzhuangshangzhen,增zengqiangshichangzhutihuoli,加jiakuaixingchengwendingjijideyuqi,并bingdaidongqita‘五wuwen’目mubiaogenghaoshixian。”全quanguorendadaibiao、河henanshengcaizhengtingtingchangwangdongweibiaoshi,减jianshuijiangfeishijijicaizhengzhengcejialitixiaodetoudengdashi。这zhecijianshuijiangfeitedianfeichangxianming,一yishilidukongqian,二ershipuhuixingjianshuihejiegouxingjianshuibingju,三sanshishidashi、硬yingpengyingjifashichangzhutihuoli

    进jinyibujiadajianshuijiangfeilidunenggouqieshitishengqiyedehuodegan。多duoweilaiziminyingqiyededaibiaoweiyuanzaijieshouzhengquanshibaojizhecai访fangshibiaodaliaoxinxizhiqing

    “国guojiayougeiwomenfaliaoyigedahongbao”,全quanguorendadaibiao、步bubugaojituandongshichangwangtianzixisuanliaoyibizhang,按anzhaozhengfugongzuobaogaozhongjiangzhizaoyedengxingyexianxing16%的dezengzhishuishuilvjiangzhi13%测cesuan,加jiashangshebaojiaofeibilixiajiangdengzhengcehongli,2019年nianbubugaojituanyugukeyijianmianshuifei1亿yiyuan

    王wangtianbiaoshi,对duiyuxiangbubugaozheyangdelaodongmijixingqiyeeryan,社shebaojiaofeibilixiajiangyihou,企qiyekeyigenglinghuoditigaoyuangongdaiyu,能nengyouxiaojianqingqiyeyuangonggongzishangzhang、社shebaofudanshangshengdehouguzhiyou,这zhewuyigeiqiyedezhuanxingfazhantigongliaogengjiaqiangjindefazhandongneng。希xiwangguojianengjinyibuchutaiduilaodongmijixingqiyetebieshipinkundiquzheleiqiyedechayihuajianshuijiangfeizhengce,给geiyutamengengdadeyouhuilidu

    全quanguorendadaibiao、海haixinjituandongshichangzhouhoujiancicidetianzhengshiguanyuzhizaoyejianshuijiangfu,他tarenweimeiyouzhizaoyedejueqi,就jiubuhuiyouzhenzhengdedaguojueqi,有youzhenduixingdiduizhizaoyejianshuijiangfu,可keyigenghaodiweizhongguozhizaoyezhuanxingshengjizheyiteshulishijieduanbaojiahuhang

    周zhouhoujianjianyi,在zaizengzhishuijinxiangshuidikoubuchongfendexianshiqingkuangxia,进jinyibujianhuazengzhishuishuilvjiegou,降jiangdishuilv。比biruxianduizhizaoyeqiyedaikuanlixidejinxiangshuiyunxudikou,以yicujinzhizaoyeqiyetongguorongzijiasuzhuanxingshengji,并bingfangkaijituanneiqiyejianzijindiaobozhifudelixijinxingzengzhishuijinxiangshuiedikou,保baozhangjituanneibuyouhuazijinpeizhi,加jiakuaiqiyefazhan

    财caizhengbubuchangliukun3月yue7日rizaishisanjiequanguorendaercihuiyijizhehuishangbiaoshi,2019年nianjianshuijiangfeicuoshiyijianshuiweizhuti,大dayuezhanqicheng。减jianshuidefeneliyouyizengzhishuijianglvweizhuti。由youyu2018年nianjianshuicuoshideqiaoweiyingxianghuigaoyu2019年nianjianshuicuoshideqiaoweiyingxiang,2019年nianjianshuideshijijianfushue,按anzhaocesuan,会huigaoyugongbudenianhuaquannianyuceshu

    其qishi,从congqunian9月yuefenkaishi,减jianshuizhifengjiuyikaishipinchui。进jinru2019年nian,已yiyouyixiejutidejianshuicuoshixiangjigongbu、落luodi。一yixiezhenduixiaoweiqiyedejianshuizhengcekezhuisuzhijinnian1月yue1日ri,实shishiqixianzandingsannian,预yujimeiniankezaiweixiaoweiqiyejianfuyue2000亿yiyuan

    多duocuobingjujiejuexiaoweiqiye

    融rongzinanrongzigui

    我woguominying、小xiaoweiqiyezaiwendingzengchang、促cujinchuangxin、增zengjiajiuye、改gaishanminshengdengfangmianfahuizhuobuketidaidezuoyong。但danjinlai,受shouneiwaibu、主zhukeguanduozhongyinsudezhiyueheyingxiang,我woguominyingxiaoweiqiyerongzinanrongziguiwentijiaoweituchu。政zhengfugongzuobaogaozhongzhichu2019年nianyaozhuolihuanjieqiyerongzinanrongziguidewenti。如ruhejiangdizhongxiaoweiqiyederongzichengben,是shilianghuiqijiandezhongdianyiti

    全quanguorendadaibiao、中zhongguorenminyinxingchengdufenxingxingchangzhouxiaoqiangbiaoshi,当dangqianzhiyueminyinghexiaoweiqiyerongzidezhuyaozhangaiyishiquefatongyiwanbeidexiaoweiqiyexinxipingtai,小xiaoweiqiyecaiwuzhidubujianquan、负fuzhaijiegoufuzadengwentidaozhideyinqixinxiyanzhongbuduicheng,影yingxiangliaoyinxingduiqiyexindaizhichi;二ershizhengcexingdanbaoduiminyinghexiaoweiqiyerongzidezhichengliduyoudaijinyibujiaqiang;三sanshiquefayouxiaodejinzhimianzejizhi;四sishipinggunan、处chuzhinandengwentizhiyueliaodongchanrongzifazhan

    值zhidezhuyideshi,针zhenduiminyingqiyeyouqishizhongxiaoweiqiyerongzinanrongziguidewenti,央yangxingxitongdedaibiaoweiyuanjitifasheng,提tichuliaozhuduojianshexingyijian。综zonghelaikanbaokuoyixiafangmian

    一yishituidongjianliquyuxingxiaoweiqiyexinyongxinxigongxiangpingtai,整zhenghegongshang、税shuiwu、金jinrong、环huanbao、质zhijianhegongjianfadengyuxiaoweiqiyejixiaoweiqiyezhuxiangguandegebumenxinxi,向xiangjinrongjigoumianfeitigongbiaozhunhuachaxunjiekou。二ershijiadazhengcexingrongzidanbaohexindaifengxianbuchangjizhizhichilidu,充chongshizhengcexingdanbaojigoudezibenshili,完wanshanminyinghexiaoweiqiyexindaifengxianbuchangjizhi。同tongshi,完wanshanzhengcexingrongzidanbaojigoudejiliyueshujizhi,适shidangtigaofengxianrongrenduhedanbaoe,降jiangdidanbaofeilv,撬qiaodonggengduoxindaiziyuanzhichiminyinghexiaoweiqiye。三sanshijiadaduiyinxingshijizhixingqingkuangdejiandukaohe,确quebaojinzhimianzejianguanyaoqiuluodiluoshi

    作zuoweiqiyejiadaibiao,全quanguozhengxiechangwei、全quanguogongshanglianfuzhuxi、北beijingyeshiqiyejituanyouxiangongsidongshichangyeqingbiaoshi,与yuminyingqiyezaiguominjingjizhongdezhongyaozhanluediweixiangbi,民minyingqiyezaihuodejinrongziyuanfangmianchuyumingxianruoshidiwei。为weiciyeqingtichuliaowanshanminyingqiyedaikuanguanlijizhidexiangguanjianyi。首shouxian,应yingjiehediqujingjijiegoushezhibutongdaikuanbili,因yindizhiyizhidingdaikuanzhengce。其qici,在zaibiaozhunzhidingshangyingyousuobutong,对duixiaowei、三sannong、扶fupin、环huanbaodenglingyuyingjiejinsuonengdalizhichi,对duifangdichan、资zibenxingxingyehechannengguoshengdexingyezebuyifangkuanzhichi

    “随suizhuoyinxingduiminyingqiyedaikuanlidudejiada,监jianguanbumenduiminqidaikuanshenheyinggeichugengyange、更gengjutideguanlibanfahezhidaocuoshi。”叶yeqingjianyi,应yingshishi“宽kuanjinyanchu”的decelue。在zaiyinxingfangkuanshijiaqiangshenhe,对duizijinyongtu、还huankuanfangshi、风fengxiankongzhijinxingyangejianguan,确quebaomeiyibidaikuanzhenzhengyongyucujinqiyejingyingfazhan

    抓zhuazhu“科kejichuangxin

    这zhegeniubizi

    “如ruguomeiyouchuangxinshibuhuiyouweilaide。只zhiyaochizhiyiheng,坚jianchizizhuchuangxin,心xinwupangwu,聚jujiaoshiye,就jiuyidingnengshixianmengxiang,并bingqieweishehuizuogongxian,为weiguojiazuodianshishizaizaideshiqing。”全quanguozhengxieweiyuan、全quanguogongshanglianfuzhuxi、高gaodehongwaidongshichanghuanglizaiquanguolianghui“委weiyuantongdao”接jieshoucai访fangshibiaoshi。在zaijieshouzhengquanshibaojizhecai访fangdeguochengzhong,他taduociqiangdiaoliaojishuhechuangxindezhongyaoxing

    政zhengfugongzuobaogaozhichu,2019年nianyaoshenrushishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlue,创chuangxinnenglihexiaolvjinyibutisheng。大daliyouhuachuangxinshengtai,调diaodonggeleichuangxinzhutijijixing。深shenhuakejiguanlitizhigaige,推tuijinguanjianhexinjishugongguan,加jiaqiangzhongdakejijichusheshi、科kejichuangxinzhongxindengjianshe

    目muqianwoguojingjizhengconggaosufazhanjieduanguodudaogaozhiliangfazhanjieduan,处chuzaixinjiudongnengzhuanhuanqi。创chuangxinshifazhandediyidongli,现xianjieduanjixupeiyuyipigaoxinjishuqiye,打dazaowoguojingjiweilaifazhandexinyinqing。政zhengfugongzuobaogaozhichu,2019年nianyaoshenrushishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlue,创chuangxinnenglihexiaolvjinyibutisheng。大daliyouhuachuangxinshengtai,调diaodonggeleichuangxinzhutijijixing。深shenhuakejiguanlitizhigaige,推tuijinguanjianhexinjishugongguan,加jiaqiangzhongdakejijichusheshi、科kejichuangxinzhongxindengjianshe

    全quanguorendadaibiao、科kedaxunfeidongshichangliuqingfengbiaoshi,民minyingjingjigaozhiliangfazhanwufeishilianggefangmian,“一yishikaohexinjishuchuangxin,形xingchengchanpingongnengshangdechayi,在zaijiazhilianshanghuodegengduohuayuquan。二ershitongguopinpaitishenghuodegengduodepinpaiyijia。否fouzezhishizaiweixiaoqu线xiandezuididuan,无wufagaozhiliangfazhan”。他tahuanqiangdiao,前qiantishiyao绿lvsehuanbao。刘liuqingfengrenwei,今jintiandeminyingjingjiyinggaibiyiqianyougenggaodexinqi,将jianglaiminyingqiyezaiyuantoujishuchuangxinfangmian,有youguoyouqiyehennanbinidehuoli。未weilaihexinjishuchuangxindeguojijingzhenglingyuzhong,民minyingqiyedaibiaozhongguohuiyingdeyuelaiyuegaoderenkedu

    在zaishisanjiequanguorendaercihuiyidisanchang“代daibiaotongdao”上shang,全quanguorendadaibiaojunrenwei,必bixulaolaozhuazhukejichuangxinzhegeniubizi,掌zhangwozizhukekongdehexinjishuhezizhuzhishichanquan

    全quanguorendadaibiao、江jiangsushenggongshanglianfuzhuxi、亨hengtongjituandongshijuzhuxicuigenliangshuo,民minyingqiyeyoujintiandediwei,得deyiyugaigekaifangdahaoshidai,也yedeyiyushibadayilaidehaozhengce。民minyingqiyezaidiedangqifudeshichangdachaozhong,靠kaopinjin、闯chuangjin,顽wanqiangpinbo,撑chengqiliaozhongguojingjidebanbijiangshan。民minyingqiyeguoqudechengchangkaodeshipinjin、闯chuangjin,艰jiankufendou,未weilaidefazhankaodeshichuangxinqudong,高gaozhiliangfazhan。民minyingqiyeyaozuoqiang,必bixumiaozhunshijieqian沿yanjishu,必bixuzhangwozizhukekongdehexinjishuhezizhuzhishichanquan。此ciwai,还huanyaolizuquanqiushichang,把bazhongguodezhiliangzuodaorangshijiefangxin,把bazhongguodepinpaizuodaoshijierenke

    黄huanglibiaoshi,高gaokejiqiyedefazhanlibukaizhishichanquanbaohu,这zheyeshihuanglitebieguanxindeyidian。他tazhichu,毋wuyonghuiyan,我womenduizhishichanquandebaohuliduqueshiyoudaitigao。窃qiequzhishichanquandexingweishibuduide,会huipeiyangtoujiquqiaodebudaodefengqi。这zhebushi西xifangduiwomendeyaoqiu,而ershiwomenzishenjiuyinggaiyousuozhuiqiu,要yaojiaqiangfazhijianshe,加jiadadajiqiequzhishichanquanxingweidelidu

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